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Solderjet bumping packaging technique optimization for the miniaturization of laser devices

: Ribes-Pleguezuelo, P.; Septriani, B.; Zhang, S.; Beckert, E.; Eberhardt, R.; Wyrowski, F.; Tünnermann, A.

Volltext ()

Journal of the European Optical Society 13 (2017), Art. 34, 8 S.
ISSN: 1990-2573
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Background: Low-stress soldering techniques can guarantee a minimized input of thermal energy allowing for the design and later assembly of more robust and miniaturized optical devices. However, in order to build miniaturized optical devices, these small-induced stresses produced by soldering techniques have to be investigated to guarantee that the stress-induced birefringence effects do not alter the device optical properties and requirements.
Methods: An analytical method that relates the stress-induced birefringence of laser components with their corresponding lasing capabilities has been compared to the real induced-stress results created in components packaged using solderjet technology. The main goal was to optimize the optical component packaging by using this low induced-stress soldering technique. The optimization was carried out by assessing components miniaturization while still assuring high robustness of the bond strength without creating a beam depolarization ratio of more than 1%.
Results: The outcome of the study showed the possibility of assembling laser optical components down to sizes of around 300 mu m, creating a bond strength of 5 N and higher, and a depolarization ratio much lower than the proposed target of 1%.
Conclusions: Our results in terms of induced stress agreed with the finite element method result, which would imply correct post-processing laser simulations. This suggested that the solderjet bumping technique could robustly join components down to the laser emission beam size without strongly affecting the optical properties.