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Preparation and characterization of water-soluble xylan ethers

 
: Hettrich, Kay; Drechsler, Ulrich; Loth, Fritz; Volkert, Bert

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Polymers. Online resource 9 (2017), Nr.4, Art. 129, 13 S.
http://www.mdpi.com/journal/polymers
ISSN: 2073-4360
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IAP ()
Hemicellulose; Xylan ether; solubility; etherification

Abstract
Xylan is a predominant hemicellulose component that is found in plants and in some algae. This polysaccharide is made from units of xylose (a pentose sugar). One promising source of xylan is oat spelt. This feedstock was used for the synthesis of two xylan ethers. To achieve water soluble products, we prepared dihydroxypropyl xylan as a non-ionic ether on the one hand, and carboxymethyl xylan as an ionic derivative on the other hand. Different preparation methods like heterogeneous, pseudo-homogeneous, and homogeneous syntheses were compared. In the case of dihydroxypropyl xylan, the synthesis method did not significantly affect the degree of substitution (DS). In contrast, in the case of carboxymethyl xylan, clear differences of the DS values were found in dependence on the synthesis method. Xylan ethers with DS values of >1 could be obtained, which mostly show good water solubility. The synthesized ionic, as well as non-ionic, xylan ethers were soluble in water, even though the aqueous solutions showed slight turbidity. Nevertheless, stable, transparent, and stainable films could be prepared from aqueous solutions from carboxymethyl xylans.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-477667.html