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Similarity-based segmentation of multi-dimensional signals

: Machné, Rainer; Murray, Douglas B.; Stadler, Peter F.

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Scientific Reports 7 (2017), Art. 12355, 11 S.
ISSN: 2045-2322
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZI ()
applied mathematics; data processing; genome informatic; scientific data; software

The segmentation of time series and genomic data is a common problem in computational biology. With increasingly complex measurement procedures individual data points are often not just numbers or simple vectors in which all components are of the same kind. Analysis methods that capitalize on slopes in a single real-valued data track or that make explicit use of the vectorial nature of the data are not applicable in such scenaria. We develop here a framework for segmentation in arbitrary data domains that only requires a minimal notion of similarity. Using unsupervised clustering of (a sample of) the input yields an approximate segmentation algorithm that is efficient enough for genome-wide applications. As a showcase application we segment a time-series of transcriptome sequencing data from budding yeast, in high temporal resolution over ca. 2.5 cycles of the short-period respiratory oscillation. The algorithm is used with a similarity measure focussing on periodic expression profiles across the metabolic cycle rather than coverage per time point.