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Investigations on the spall and delamination behavior of UHMWPE composites

: Lässig, Torsten; Bagusat, Frank; Pfändler, Siegfried; Gulde, Max; Heunoske, Dominic; Osterholz, Jens; Stein, Werner; Nahme, Hartwig; May, Michael

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4739774 (864 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: e00152f2f7cd93df36822863192f068c
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Erstellt am: 31.01.2019

Composite structures 182 (2017), S.590-597
ISSN: 0263-8223
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer EMI ()
UHMWPE composite; plate impact; photonic doppler velocimetry; spall; delamination; fracture

Composite materials in armor applications are commonly subjected to different deformation and failure mechanisms, which result in delamination of the solid laminate. Direct planar plate impact experiments were executed in order to study spall behavior of Dyneema® HB26. For the first time, the spall behavior of UHMWPE composites was determined by evaluating the free surface velocity measured via Photonic Doppler Velocimetry (PDV). High-speed camera images from lateral view revealed that spall failure of UHMWPE composites, unlike e.g. metals or ceramics, is not restricted to a single crack plane. Instead, the spallation of the composite plates in through-thickness direction caused by the first release wave is accompanied by several delaminations at ply interfaces, which are caused by intersections of subsequent release waves.