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Effect of direct cold atmospheric plasma (diCAP) on microcirculation of intact skin in a controlled mechanical environment

: Borchardt, T.; Ernst, J.; Helmke, A.; Tanyeli, M.; Schilling, A.S.; Felmerer, G.; Viöl, W.

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Microcirculation 24 (2017), Nr.8, Art. e12399, 10 S.
ISSN: 1549-8719
ISSN: 1073-9688
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IST ()
blood flow; cold atmospheric plasma; Hemoglobin; microcirculation; plasma medicine; skin; tissue oxygen saturation; transcutaneous oxygen pressure; wound healing; wound

The microcirculatory response of intact human skin to exposure with diCAP for different durations with a focus on the effect of implied mechanical pressure during plasma treatment was investigated.
Local relative hemoglobin, blood flow velocity, tissue oxygen saturation, and blood flow were monitored noninvasively for up to 1 hour in 1-2 mm depth by optical techniques, as well as temperature, pH values, and moisture before and after skin stimulation. The experimental protocol (N = 10) was set up to differentiate between pressure- and plasma-induced effects.
Significant increases in microcirculation were only observed after plasma stimulation but not after pressure stimulus alone. For a period of 1 h after stimulation, local relative hemoglobin was increased by 5.1% after 270 seconds diCAP treatment. Tissue oxygen saturation increased by up to 9.4%, whereas blood flow was doubled (+106%). Skin pH decreased by 0.3 after 180 seconds and 270 seconds diCAP treatment, whereas skin temperature and moisture were not affected.
diCAP treatment of intact skin notably enhances microcirculation for a therapeutically relevant period. This effect is specific to the plasma treatment and not an effect of the applied pressure. Prolonged treatment durations lead to more pronounced effects.