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Polymerization related deformations in multilayer soft stamps for nanoimprint

: Förthner, Michael; Papenheim, Marc; Rumler, Maximilian; Stumpf, Florian; Baier, Leander; Rommel, Mathias; Scheer, Hella-Christin; Frey, Lothar


Journal of applied physics 122 (2017), Nr.16, Art. 165305, 9 S.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Bragg-Gitter-Sensoren auf Basis von Hybridpolymeren - Grundlegende Untersuchungen und Realisierung
Fraunhofer IISB ()
nanoimprint lithography; soft lithography; stamp deformation; hybrid polymer

This paper presents a study concerning the macroscale deformation of soft stamps for nanoimprint lithography. Composite stamps consisting of two or three layers were prepared with varying process parameters, and the bow of the stamps was investigated with an optical profilometer. Deflection measurements were compared with results from a mechanical model in order to prove its validity. The composite stamps were prepared from polydimethylsiloxane (S-PDMS) and OrmoStamp layers on different substrate materials (silicon or AF-32-glass). The influence of selected preparation parameters on the deformation was investigated, such as layer thickness, curing, and hardbake temperatures, as well as UV-exposure intensities. It is discussed how an appropriate choice of preparation parameters can reduce the deformation, too. By decreasing the curing intensity of a thin OrmoStamp layer, coated on top of a silicon wafer, from 200 mW/cm² to 2 mW/cm², the deformation was reduced from 6 µm to 0. It is shown that the mechanical model is capable of predicting the deformation of composite stamps consisting of OrmoStamp layers on top of a silicon substrate. Further on, deformation results for S-PDMS top layers are presented and discussed. As a promising process option for the reduction of stamp deformations, a new, room temperature curable PDMS recipe is introduced. For composite stamps prepared with this material, the deformation value was reduced below 10 lm, compared to values ranging from 10 µm up to 127 µm for thermally cured S-PDMS (50 °C or 70 °C). Finally, different two-layer stamps were coated with an additional third layer and measured again, in order to investigate the deflection for tri-layered cases. The research is of high relevance for the fabrication and application of substrate conformal imprint lithography stamps with minimized deflection.