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Experiments on DOA-estimation and beamforming for 60 GHz smart antennas

: Choi, M.S.; Grosskopf, G.; Rohde, D.; Kuhlow, B.; Przyrembel, G.; Ehlers, H.


IEEE Vehicular Technology Society -VTS-:
Technology innovations for a tetherless planet. The 57th IEEE Semiannual Vehicular Technology Conference, VTC 3003 Spring. Vol.2 : Jeju, Korea; April 22 - 25, 2003, International Convention Center, Jeju, Korea. Proceedings
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2003
ISBN: 0-7803-7757-5
Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC) <57, 2003, Cheju, Korea>
Fraunhofer HHI ()

In this paper we present experimental results on direction of arrival (DOA) estimation and optical beamforming. In the first part of the paper we describe the experimental setup for the antenna calibration and DOA estimation at 60 GHz. A pilot signal generator and an array receiver are implemented. The feasibility of the DOA estimation is evaluated for real conditions. The experimental results show that the array calibration works reliable and there is a good agreement between simulation and experiment in the DOA estimation. In the second part, we present the experimental results on beamforming, which is performed using optical millimeter-wave generation technique. The millimeter-wave signals are generated by heterodyning the signals of two lasers. Beamforming is accomplished by a newly developed SiO /Si beamforming network, which enables individual control of amplitudes and hases of millimeter-wave signals feeding a planar 1x4 array antenna by means of the maximum directivity beamformer algorithm. Farfield measurements show good agreement between theory and experiment.