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Optimal provision of primary frequency control with battery systems by exploiting all degrees of freedom within regulation

: Hollinger, Raphael; Diazgranados, Luis M.; Wittwer, Christof; Engel, Bernd

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4676136 (400 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 103d28dd5eb54e6d39c75bff9291ad31
Erstellt am: 27.6.2019

Energy Procedia 99 (2016), S.204-214
ISSN: 1876-6102
International Renewable Energy Storage Conference and Exhibition (IRES) <10, 2016, Düsseldorf>
European Commission EC
H2020-Societal Challenges - Secure, clean and efficient energy - Low Carbon Energy; 646463; NETFFICIENT
Energy and economic efficiency for today’s smart communities through integrated multi storage technologies
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer ISE ()
ancillary service; Frequency Control Reserve; Primary Control Reserve; battery system

Battery energy storage systems have a large potential for provision of grid ancilliary services. Specifically, large battery systems have been used for the provision of primary control reserve. Batteries providing this grid service must, using corrective energy measures and control algorithms, continuously keep their state of charge within limits in order to comply with European regulations. Operational degrees of freedom exist in the regulation which can be used by batteries to facilitate keeping the state of charge within desired levels. In this paper, such degrees of freedom are described, and the effect of their utilization on battery system operation analyzed.