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Shared control is the sharp end of cooperation: Towards a common framework of joint action, shared control and human machine cooperation

: Flemisch, F.; Abbink, D.; Itoh, M.; Pacaux-Lemoine, M.-P.; Weßel, G.


IFAC-PapersOnLine 49 (2016), Nr.19, S.72-77
ISSN: 2405-8963
ISSN: 1474-6670
Symposium on Analysis, Design, and Evaluation of Human-Machine Systems (HMS) <13, 2016, Kyoto>
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer FKIE ()

As an introduction to the session of shared and cooperative control, this article will briefly look into the history, start with definitions and sketch a common framework of shared and cooperative control that sees the two phrases not as different concepts, but as different perspectives or foci on a common design space of shared intentionality, control and cooperation between humans and machines. One working hypothesis which the session will explore is that shared control can be understood as cooperation at the control level, while human machine cooperation can include shared control, but can also extend towards cooperation at higher levels, e.g. of guidance and navigation, of maneuvers and goals. We propose to view the relationship between shared control and human-machine cooperation as being similar to the relationship between the sharp, pointy tip and the (blunt) shaft of a spear. Shared control is where cooperation comes sharply into effect at the control level, but to be truly effective it should be supported by cooperation on all levels of interaction beyond the control level, e.g. on the guidance and navigation level.