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Alternative CSP approaches for multimodal distributed BCI data

: Brandl, S.; Müller, K.-R.; Samek, W.


Rudas, I. ; Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Society -SMC-:
IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, SMC 2016. Conference proceedings : Budapest, 09-12 October 2016
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2016
ISBN: 978-1-5090-1897-0
ISBN: 978-1-5090-1819-2
ISBN: 978-1-5090-1898-7 (Print)
International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC) <2016, Budapest>
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
Fraunhofer HHI ()

Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) are trained to distinguish between two (or more) mental states, e.g., left and right hand motor imagery, from the recorded brain signals. Common Spatial Patterns (CSP) is a popular method to optimally separate data from two motor imagery tasks under the assumption of an unimodal class distribution. In out of lab environments where users are distracted by additional noise sources this assumption may not hold. This paper systematically investigates BCI performance under such distractions and proposes two novel CSP variants, ensemble CSP and 2-step CSP, which can cope with multimodal class distributions. The proposed algorithms are evaluated using simulations and BCI data of 16 healthy participants performing motor imagery under 6 different types of distraction. Both methods are shown to significantly enhance the performance compared to the standard procedure.