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Forensic Image Inspection Assisted by Deep Learning

: Steinebach, Martin; Mayer, Felix


Association for Computing Machinery -ACM-:
12th International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security, ARES 2017. Proceedings : August 29 - September 1, 2017, Università degli Studi Mediterranea di Reggio Calabria, Italy
New York: ACM, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-4503-5257-4
Article 53
International Conference on Availability, Reliability and Security (ARES) <12, 2017, Reggio Calabria>
Fraunhofer SIT ()

Investigations on the charge of possessing child pornography usually require manual forensic image inspection in order to collect evidence. When storage devices are confiscated, law enforcement authorities are hence often faced with massive image datasets which have to be screened within a limited time frame. As the ability to concentrate and time are highly limited factors of a human investigator, we believe that intelligent algorithms can effectively assist the inspection process by rearranging images based on their content. Thus, more relevant images can be discovered within a shorter time frame, which is of special importance in time-critical investigations of triage character. While currently employed techniques are based on black- and whitelisting of known images, we propose to us e deep learning algorithms trained for the detection of pornographic imagery, as they are able to identify new content. In our approach, we evaluated three state-of-the-art neural networks for the detection of pornographic images and employed them to rearrange simulated datasets of 1 million images containing a small fraction of pornographic content. The rearrangement of images according to their content allows a much earlier detection of relevant images during the actual manual inspection of the dataset, especially when the percentage of relevant images is low. With our approach, the first relevant image could be discovered between positions 8 and 9 in the rearranged list on average. Without using our approach of image rearrangement, the first relevant image was discovered at position 1,4 63 on average.