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A unified process for visual-interactive labeling

: Bernard, Jürgen; Zeppelzauer, Matthias; Sedlmair, Michael; Aigner, Wolfgang


Sedlmaier, Michael (Ed.) ; European Association for Computer Graphics -EUROGRAPHICS-:
8th International EuroVis Workshop on Visual Analytics, EuroVA 2017 : June 12-13, 2017, Barcelona, Spain
Goslar: Eurographics Association, 2017
ISBN: 978-3-03868-042-0
International Workshop on Visual Analytics (EuroVA) <8, 2017, Barcelona>
Conference on Visualization (EuroVis) <19, 2017, Barcelona>
Fraunhofer IGD ()
human-centered computing; visual analytic; information visualization; Labeling; graphical interactive user interface; machine learning; Guiding Theme: Digitized Work; Guiding Theme: Individual Health; Guiding Theme: Visual Computing as a Service; Research Area: Human computer interaction (HCI)

Assigning labels to data instances is a prerequisite for many machine learning tasks. Similarly, labeling is applied in visual interactive analysis approaches. However, the strategies for creating labels often differ in the two fields. In this paper, we study the process of labeling data instances with the user in the loop, from both the machine learning and visual-interactive perspective. Based on a review of differences and commonalities, we propose the 'Visual-Interactive Labeling' (VIAL) process, conflating the strengths of both. We describe the six major steps of the process and highlight their related challenges.