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Highly elastic strain gauges based on shape memory alloys for monitoring of fibre reinforced plastics

Hochelastische Dehnungsmessung an Faserverbundwerkstoffen mittels Formgedächtnislegierungen
 
: Mäder, Thomas; Drossel, Welf-Guntram; Senf, Björn; Navarro Y De Sosa, Iñaki; Wolf, Peter; Hamm, Martin; Zoch, Martin

:

Herrmann, A.S.:
21st Symposium on Composites 2017 : Held in Bremen, Germany, July 5-7, 2017
Dürnten: Trans Tech Publications, 2017 (Key engineering materials 742)
ISBN: 978-3-0357-1198-1 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-0357-2198-0 (CD-ROM)
ISBN: 978-3-0357-3198-9
ISSN: 1013-9826
ISSN: 1662-9795
S.778-785
Symposium on Composites <21, 2017, Bremen>
Englisch
Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer IWU ()
Dehnungssensor; Einbettung; FGL; FGL-Sensor; FVK; integration; sensor; shape-memory effect; shape memory alloy; pseudoelasticity; strain measurement; strain gauges; piezoresistivity; SHM; composites

Abstract
Conventional strain gauges made of constantan or CuCr for instance have a low value for structural health monitoring issues in plastic composites. These strain sensor materials exhibit small elastic regions and show fatigue when dynamically loaded with strain levels over 0.3 percent. For this reason, these sensors would break or fail before the composite life-time and thus cannot be integrated into this kind of composite materials. Pseudoelastic thermal shape memory alloys are therefore used as strain sensors and integrated into composites in order to allow piezoresistive strain measurement and structural health monitoring in such materials. Thermal treatments are used to create sensor structures out of shape memory alloy wires. Pseudoelastic shape memory wires can be strained up to 8 percent repeatedly. Their gauge factor is higher than 5. Shape memory strain sensors are successfully embedded into glass fibre reinforced plastics and show a significant and reproducible resistance change when the composite is strained. The dynamic strength is magnificently higher compared to conventional strain gauges. Shape memory strain sensors are an efficient alternative to fiber-bragg-grating sensors and can potentially be used for strain measurements in different plastics and textile materials. Shape memory sensor structures can be embedded or applied and are good candidates for structural characterisation and monitoring applications.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-458810.html