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Time resolved impedance spectroscopy analysis of lithium phosphorous oxynitride - LiPON layers under mechanical stress

: Glenneberg, Jens; Bardenhagen, Ingo; Langer, Frederieke; Busse, Matthias; Kun, Robert


Journal of power sources 359 (2017), S.157-165
ISSN: 0378-7753
ISSN: 1873-2755
Fraunhofer IFAM ()
lithium phosphorous oxynitride (LiPON); impedance spectroscopy; Li-ion conductivity; mechanical stress; thin film battery; flexible battery; physical vapor deposition

In this paper we present investigations on the morphological and electrochemical changes of lithium phosphorous oxynitride (LiPON) under mechanically bent conditions. Therefore, two types of electrochemical cells with LiPON thin films were prepared by physical vapor deposition. First, symmetrical cells with two blocking electrodes (Cu/LiPON/Cu) were fabricated. Second, to simulate a more application-related scenario cells with one blocking and one non-blocking electrode (Cu/LiPON/Li/Cu) were analyzed. In order to investigate mechanical distortion induced transport property changes in LiPON layers the cells were deposited on a flexible polyimide substrate. Morphology of the as-prepared samples and deviations from the initial state after applying external stress by bending the cells over different radii were investigated by Focused Ion Beam- Scanning Electron Microscopy (FIB-SEM) cross-section and surface images. Mechanical stress induced changes in the impedance were eva luated by time-resolved electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Due to the formation of a stable, ion-conducting solid electrolyte interphase (SEI), cells with lithium show decreased impedance values. Furthermore, applying mechanical stress to the cells results in a further reduction of the electrolyte resistance. These results are supported by finite element analysis (FEA) simulations.