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Evaluation of Multi-hop Packet Prioritization for Decentralized Congestion Control in VANETs

: Kühlmorgen, Sebastian; Festag, Andreas; Fettweis, Gerhard


IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC) 2017. Proceedings : 19-22 March 2017, San Francisco, CA, USA
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-5090-4183-1 (online)
ISBN: 978-1-5090-4182-4 (USB)
ISBN: 978-1-5090-4184-8 (print)
Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC) <2017, San Francisco/Calif.>
Fraunhofer IVI ()
wireless communication; queueing theory; vehicular ad hoc networks

Decentralized congestion control (DCC) in ITS-G5 based vehicular ad hoc networks ensures that the requirements of safety and traffic efficiency applications are met even under high vehicle density and channel load conditions. In European standardization, a "gatekeeper" on top of the ITS-G5 MAC sub-layer is being considered that controls a node's packet rate as a function of the channel load. This paper studies the performance of the gatekeeper with packet prioritization and an adaptive linear control algorithm. The simulation results indicate that the gatekeeper with priority queuing (PQ) can effectively handle different packet priorities for multi-hop packets. Our gatekeeper-specific enhancements of the forwarding algorithm yield performance improvements in terms of reliability and latency compared to the plain DCC approach. Finally, we discuss the issue of packet starvation caused by the gatekeeper's PQ scheme that affects the performance of lower-priority packets.