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Simple methods for the preparation of non-noble metal bulk-electrodes for electrocatalytic applications

 
: junge Puring, Kai; Piontek, Stefan; Smialkowski, Mathias; Burfeind, Jens; Kaluza, Stefan; Dötsch, Christian; Apfel, Ulf-Peter

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Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE. Online resource (2017), Nr.124, Art. e56087; 6 S.
http://www.jove.com/
ISSN: 1940-087X
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Oberhausen ()
chemistry; inorganic chemistry; electrocatalysis; bulk electrode; iron nickel sulfide; hydrogen evolution reaction

Abstract
The rock material pentlandite with the composition Fe4.5Ni4.5S8 was synthesized via high temperature synthesis from the elements. The structureand composition of the material was characterized via powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Mössbauer spectroscopy (MB), scanning electronmicroscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Two preparation methods of pentlandite bulk electrodes are presented. In the first approach a piece of synthetic pentlandite rock is directly contacted via a wire ferrule. The second approach utilizes pentlandite pellets, pressed from finely ground powder, which is immobilized in a Teflon casing. Both electrodes, whilst being prepared by an additive-free method, reveal high durability during electrocatalytic conversions in comparison to common drop-coating methods. We herein showcase the striking performance of such electrodes to accomplish the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and present a standardized method to evaluate the electrocatalytic performance by electrochemical and gas chromatographic methods. Furthermore, we report stability tests via potentiostatic methods at an over potential of 0.6 V to explore the material limitations of the electrodes during electrolysis under industrial relevant conditions.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-452756.html