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Electrochemical genetic profiling of single cancer cells

: Sanchez, Josep L.A.; Joda, Hamdi; Henry, O.Y.F.; Solnestam, Beata W.; Kvastad, L.; Akan, Pelin S.; Lundeberg, J.; Laddach, Nadja; Ramakrishnan, Dheeraj; Riley, I.; Schwind, Carmen; Latta, Daniel; O'Sullivan, Ciara K.


Analytical chemistry 89 (2017), Nr.6, S.3378-3385
ISSN: 0003-2700
ISSN: 1520-6882
Fraunhofer ICT-IMM ( IMM) ()
Bar codes; chemical detection; diseases; DNA; DNA sequences; gene; nucleic acid; probe; substrates; Tumors; circulating tumor cells; electrochemical detection; genetic information; Printed Circuit Boards (PCB); probe amplification; pulse amperometric detections; single-stranded DNA; single cell analysis

Recent understandings in the development and spread of cancer have led to the realization of novel single cell analysis platforms focused on circulating tumor cells (CTCs). A simple, rapid, and inexpensive analytical platform capable of providing genetic information on these rare cells is highly desirable to support clinicians and researchers alike to either support the selection or adjustment of therapy or provide fundamental insights into cell function and cancer progression mechanisms. We report on the genetic profiling of single cancer cells, exploiting a combination of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and electrochemical detection. Cells were isolated using laser capture and lysed, and the mRNA was extracted and transcribed into DNA. Seven markers were amplified by MLPA, which allows for the simultaneous amplification of multiple targets with a single primer pair, using MLPA probes containing unique barcode sequences. Capture probes complementary to each of these barcode sequences were immobilized on a printed circuit board (PCB) manufactured electrode array and exposed to single-stranded MLPA products and subsequently to a single stranded DNA reporter probe bearing a HRP molecule, followed by substrate addition and fast electrochemical pulse amperometric detection. We present a simple, rapid, flexible, and inexpensive approach for the simultaneous quantification of multiple breast cancer related mRNA markers, with single tumor cell sensitivity.