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Validation of different SAC305 material models calibrated on isothermal tests using in-situ TMF measurement of thermally induced shear load

: Kuczynska, Marta; Schafet, Natalja; Becker, Ulrich; Metasch, René; Röllig, Mike; Kabakchiev, Alexander; Weihe, Stefan


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; Fraunhofer-Institut für Keramische Technologien und Systeme -IKTS-, Dresden:
18th International Conference on Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics Simulation and Experiments in Microelectronics and Microsystems, EuroSimE 2017 : 3-5 April 2017, Dresden
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2017
ISBN: 978-1-5090-4344-6
ISBN: 978-1-5090-4343-9
ISBN: 978-1-5090-4345-3
International Conference on Thermal, Mechanical and Multi-Physics Simulation and Experiments in Microelectronics and Microsystems (EuroSimE) <18, 2017, Dresden>
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
solder joints; measured hysteresis; operating temperature; acceleration factor

In the past, a large number of material models for Sn-based solder alloys have been proposed, which are usually calibrated based on the material testing under isothermal the conditions. However, their ability to map the lifetime differences depending on the temperature rate under the field and test-lab conditions, as well as on the mean operating temperature, is still not completely investigated and validated. The novel thermo-mechanical fatigue (TMF) measurement set-up is employed for in-situ measurement of the material degradation driven by temperature cycles. The experimental system involves different materials, which impose thermally induced displacements onto the solder interconnections. The acceleration of the test duration can be controlled by the placing the sample into the loading positions with the different level of the thermally induced displacement. The measurement enables monitoring of the force-reduction and the concurrent change of displacement. In the current study, the samples comprising a real-scale geometry of the four Ball Grid Array (BGA) connections were stressed with the temperature cycles relevant for the typical lab-tests and field conditions. The level of the thermally induced shear displacement in the solder joints was significantly higher than in an Engine Control Unit ECU. Since the experimental set-up includes various geometrical and material features, an extensive FE-based sensitivity study has been performed. The simulation of the free-expanding system as well as of the system with different pre-characterized dummy samples (without solder joints) revealed the capabilities and specific mechanical behavior of the experimental set-up. Finally, for Sn96.5Ag3.0Cu0.5 solder alloy the ability of the different material formulations to reproduce the trends of the measured hysteresis was analyzed: for double power-law creep model (DPL), unified inelastic strain formulation by Anand, and unified visco-plastic model proposed by Chaboche. Their accuracies in predicting of the acceleration factor between the different temperature profiles are summarized and discussed.