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Selective chromatographic separation of polycarbonate according to hydroxyl end-groups using a porous graphitic carbon column

: Apel, Nico; Uliyanchenko, E.; Moyses, S.; Rommens, S.; Wold, C.; Macko, Tibor; Rode, Karsten; Brüll, Robert


Journal of chromatography. A 1488 (2017), S.77-84
ISSN: 0021-9673
Fraunhofer LBF ()
liquid chromatography at critical; conditions; Poly(bisphenol A)carbonate; porous graphitic carbon

Porous graphitic carbon (PGC) has shown unique separation efficiency in liquid chromatography for a wide range of substance classes. In the characterization of polymers PGC has particularly been used for analysis of polyolefins. Its retention mechanisms differ dramatically from those of silica-based stationary phases and therefore allow interesting applications. Due to its unprecedented retention mechanisms PGC does not only promise good separation performance for polyolefins but also for more polar polymers such as Polycarbonate (PC). In this study, we determined the critical conditions of PC on PGC usingCHCl3/dichlorobenzene (DCB) and CHCl3/trichlorobenzene (TCB) as eluents achieving separations according to hydroxyl end-groups, which was confirmed by MALDI-TOF-MS analysis. As the content of TCB at the critical point was lower compared to that of DCB, it was concluded that TCB is a stronger desorption promoting eluent than DCB for the present system. The temperature influence on the critical point was then investigated revealing that with increasing temperature the content of desorption promoting eluent has to be raised in order to achieve critical conditions. Furthermore, a peak shifting over time was observed using TCB as desorption promoting eluent, which was attributed to irreversibly adsorbed PC on the column material. However, when a flow cell-IR detector was applied monitoring the eluted samples, a recovery rate close to 100% was found.