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SAR ATR by a combination of convolutional neural network and support vector machines

: Wagner, S.A.


IEEE transactions on aerospace and electronic systems 52 (2016), Nr.6, S.2861-2872
ISSN: 0018-9251
ISSN: 1557-9603
Fraunhofer FHR ()

A combination of a convolutional neural network, which belongs to the deep learning research field, and support vector machines is presented as an efficient automatic target recognition system. Additional training methods that incorporate prior knowledge to the classifier and further improve its robustness against imaging errors and target variations are also presented. These methods generate artificial training data by elastic distortion and affine transformations that represent typical examples of image errors, like a changing range scale dependent on the depression angle or an incorrectly estimated aspect angle. With these examples presented to the classifier during the training, the system should become invariant against these variations and thus more robust. For the classification, the spotlight synthetic aperture radar images of the moving and stationary target acquisition and recognition database are used. Results are shown for the ten class database with a force d decision classification as well as with rejection class.