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Progress on preferential etching and phosphorus doping of single crystal diamond

 
: Grotjohn, T.A.; Tran, D.T.; Yaran, M.K.; Schuelke, T.

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MRS online proceedings library. Online resource 1634 (2014), Paper mrsf13-1634-s01-05
http://www.mrs.org/opl/
ISSN: 1946-4274
Materials Research Society (Fall Meeting) <2013, Boston/Mass.>
Englisch
Konferenzbeitrag
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Abstract
Phosphorus is incorporated into single crystal diamond during epitaxial growth at higher concentrations on the (111) crystallographic surface than on the (001) crystallographic surface. To form n+-type regions in diamond for semiconductor devices it is beneficial to deposit on the (111) surface. However, diamond deposition is faster and of higher quality on the (001) surface. A preferential etch method is described that forms inverted pyramids on the (001) surface of a substrate diamond crystal, which opens (111) faces for improved phosphorus incorporation. The preferential etching occurs on the surface in regions where a nickel film is deposited. The etching is performed in a microwave generated hydrogen plasma operating at 160 Torr with the substrate temperature in the range of 800-950 °C. The epitaxial growth of diamond with high phosphorus concentrations exceeding 1020 cm-3 is performed using a microwave plasma-assisted chemical vapor deposition process. Successful growth conditions were achieved with a feedgas mixture of 0.25% methane, 500 ppm phosphine and hydrogen at a pressure of 160 Torr and a substrate temperature of 950-1000°C. The room temperature resistivity of the phosphorus-doped diamond is 120-150 Ω-cm and the activation energy is 0.027 eV.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-441972.html