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A spherical array approach for simulation of binaural impulse responses using the finite difference time domain method

: Sheaffer, J.; Walstijn, M. van; Rafaely, B.; Kowalczyk, K.

Borkowski, B. ; European Acoustics Association -EAA-:
Forum Acusticum 2014. CD-ROM : Krakow, 7 - 12 September 2014
Krakow, 2014
ISBN: 978-83-61402-28-2
9 S.
Forum Acusticum <7, 2014, Krakow>
European Congress on Acoustics <2014, Krakow>
Open Seminar on Acoustics <61, 2014, Krakow>
Fraunhofer IIS ()

The finite difference time domain (FDTD) method has direct applications in musical instrument modeling, simulation of environmental acoustics, room acoustics and sound reproduction paradigms, all of which benefit from auralization. However, rendering binaural impulse responses from simulated data is not straightforward to accomplish as the calculated pressure at FDTD grid nodes does not contain any directional information. This paper addresses this issue by introducing a spherical array to capture sound pressure on a finite difference grid, and decomposing it into a plane-wave density function. Binaural impulse responses are then constructed in the spherical harmonics domain by combining the decomposed grid data with free field head-related transfer functions. The effects of designing a spherical array in a Cartesian grid are studied, and emphasis is given to the relationships between array sampling and the spatial and spectral design parameters of several finite-differ ence schemes.