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Mechanical properties of individual composite poly(methyl-methacrylate) -multiwalled carbon nanotubes nanofibers

: Grabbert, N.; Wang, B.; Avnon, A.; Zhuo, S.; Datsyuk, V.; Trotsenko, S.; Mackowiak, P.; Kaletta, K.; Lang, K.-D.; Ngo, H.-D.

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Institute of Physics -IOP-, London:
2nd International Conference on Structural Nano Composites, NANOSTRUC 2014 : 20-21 May 2014, Madrid, Spain
Bristol: IOP Publishing, 2014 (IOP conference series. Materials science and engineering 64)
Art. 012005, 7 S.
International Conference on Structural Nano Composites (NANOSTRUC) <2, 2014, Madrid>
Konferenzbeitrag, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IZM ()

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes with their superb mechanical properties are an unique filler material for polymer composites. Here, we present an investigation of mechanical properties of electrospun Poly-(methyl-methacrylate) multiwalled carbon nanotubes composite nanofibers. The method of electrospinning was used to fabricate suspended individual Poly-(methyl-methacrylate) multiwalled carbon nanotubes nanofibers. In order to reinforce the nanofibers, different high concentration of multiwalled carbon nanotubes were used. Transmission electron microscopy measurements reveal a successful filling of the nanofibers. The different types of nanofibers were deposited at SiO2 substrates. Which were previously etched, to create trenches for bend tests. Followed by fixing the nanofiber with a focus ion beam platinum deposition at the trench edges. An atomic force microscopy was used to perform the mechanical nanofiber bending tests over trenches. The results were compared with pristine Poly-(methyl- methacrylate) nanofibers to nanofibers with 15 weight% and 20 weight% multiwalled carbon nanotubes composite fibers. We observed that pristine nanofibers have Young's modulus of 136 MPa, while for composite nanofibers with 15 weight% have 2.65 GPa and with 20 weight% have 6.06 GPa (at room temperature and air ambiance). This corresponds to an increase of Young's modulus of 19 fold between the pristine nanofibers and the 15 weight% of mutliwalled carbon nanotubes filled nanofibers. Therefore the increase of the Young's modulus compared between the pristine and the 20 weight% MWCNT filled nanofibers corresponds to 45 fold.