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Score-informed analysis of tuning, intonation, pitch modulation, and dynamics in jazz solos

: Abeßer, Jakob; Frieler, Klaus; Cano, Estefanía; Pfleiderer, Martin; Zaddach, Wolf-Georg


IEEE ACM transactions on audio, speech, and language processing 25 (2017), Nr.1, S.168-177
ISSN: 2329-9290
ISSN: 2329-9304
Fraunhofer IDMT ()

Both the collection and analysis of large music repertoires constitute major challenges within musicological disciplines such as jazz research. Automatic methods of music analysis based on audio signal processing have the potential to assist researchers and to accelerate the transcription and analysis of music recordings significantly. In this paper, we propose a framework for analyzing improvised monophonic solos in multi-instrumental jazz recordings with special focus on reed and brass instruments. The analysis algorithms rely on prior score-information, which is taken from high quality manual solo transcriptions. Following an initial solo and accompaniment source separation, we propose algorithms for tone-wise extraction of fundamental frequency and intensity contours. Based on this fine-grained representation of recorded jazz solos, we perform several exploratory experiments motivated by questions relating to jazz research in order to analyze the use of expressive stylistic devices such as intonation, pitch modulation, and dynamics in jazz solos. The results show that a score-informed audio analysis of jazz recordings can provide valuable insights into the individual stylistic characteristics of jazz musicians.