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Laser carbonization of PAN-nanofiber mats with enhanced surface area and porosity

: Go, D.; Lott, P.; Stollenwerk, J.; Thomas, H.; Moeller, M.; Kuehne, A.J.C.


ACS applied materials & interfaces 8 (2016), Nr.42, S.28412-28417
ISSN: 1944-8244
ISSN: 0013-936X
ISSN: 1944-8252
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Here we present a novel laser process to generate carbon nanofiber nonwovens from polyacrylonitrile. We produce carbon nanofabrics via electrospinning followed by infrared laser-induced carbonization, facilitating high surface area and well-controlled hierarchical porosity. The process allows precise control of the carbonization conditions and provides high nanoscale porosity. In comparison with classical thermal carbonization, the laser process produces much higher surface areas and smaller pores. Furthermore, we investigate the carbonization performance and the morphology of polyacrylonitrile nanofibers compounded with graphene nanoplatelet fillers.