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Issues in complex event processing: Status and prospects in the Big Data era

: Flouris, I.; Giatrakos, N.; Deligiannakis, A.; Garofalakis, M.; Kamp, M.; Mock, M.


The Journal of systems and software 127 (2017), S.217-236
ISSN: 0164-1212
Fraunhofer IAIS ()

Many Big Data technologies were built to enable the processing of human generated data, setting aside the enormous amount of data generated from Machine-to-Machine (M2M) interactions and Internet-of-Things (IoT) platforms. Such interactions create real-time data streams that are much more structured, often in the form of series of event occurrences. In this paper, we provide an overview on the main research issues confronted by existing Complex Event Processing (CEP) techniques, with an emphasis on query optimization aspects. Our study expands on both deterministic and probabilistic event models and spans from centralized to distributed network settings. In that, we cover a wide range of approaches in the CEP domain and review the current status of techniques that tackle efficient query processing. These techniques serve as a starting point for developing Big Data oriented CEP applications. Therefore, we further study the issues that arise upon trying to apply those tec hniques over Big Data enabling technologies, as is the case with cloud platforms. Furthermore, we expand on the synergies among Predictive Analytics and CEP with an emphasis on scalability and elasticity considerations in cloud platforms with potentially dispersed resource pools.