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Impedance loading and radiation of finite aperture multipole sources in fluid filled boreholes

 
: Geerits, Tim; Kranz, Burkhard

:

Journal of Sound and Vibration 393 (2017), S.114-132
ISSN: 0022-460X
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer IWU ()
Multipole; surface source; guided wave propagation; radiation of acoustic / elastic waves; finite element modeling

Abstract
In the exploration of oil and gas finite aperture multipole borehole acoustic sources are commonly used to excite borehole modes in a fluid-filled borehole surrounded by a (poro-) elastic formation. Due to the mutual interaction of the constituent sources and their immediate proximity to the formation it has been unclear how and to what extent these effects influence radiator performance. We present a theory, based on the equivalent surface source formulation for fluid-solid systems that incorporates these 'loading' effects and allows for swift computation of the multipole source dimensionless impedance, the associated radiator motion and the resulting radiated wave field in borehole fluid and formation. Dimensionless impedance results are verified through a comparison with finite element modeling results in the cases of a logging while drilling tool submersed in an unbounded fluid and a logging while drilling tool submersed in a fluid filled borehole surrounded by a fa st and a slow formation. In all these cases we consider a monopole, dipole and quadrupole excitation, as these cases are relevant to many borehole acoustic applications. Overall, we obtain a very good agreement.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-434970.html