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Modeling the electro-optical performance of high power mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers

: Tholl, H.D.; Yang, Q.; Wagner, J.

Volltext (PDF; )

Photonics 3 (2016), Nr.2, Art. 30, 16 S.
ISSN: 2304-6732
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IAF ()

Performance modeling of the characteristics of mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers (MIR QCL) is an essential element in formulating consistent component requirements and specifications, in preparing guidelines for the design and manufacture of the QCL structures, and in assessing different modes of operation of the laser device. We use principles of system physics to analyze the electro-optical characteristics of high power MIR QCL, including thermal backfilling of the lower laser level, hot electron effects, and Stark detuning during lasing. The analysis is based on analytical modeling to give simple mathematical expressions which are easily incorporated in system-level simulations of defense applications such as directed infrared countermeasures (DIRCM). The paper delineates the system physics of the electro-optical energy conversion in QCL and the related modeling. The application of the performance model to a DIRCM QCL is explained by an example.