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Alterations of microRNA and microRNA-regulated messenger RNA expression in germinal center B-cell lymphomas determined by integrative sequencing analysis

 
: Hezaveh, Kebria; Kloetgen, Andreas; Bernhart, Stephan H.; Mahapatra, Kunal Das; Lenze, Dido; Richter, Julia; Haake, Andrea; Bergmann, Anke K.; Brors, Benedikt; Burkhardt, Birgit; Claviez, Alexander; Drexler, Hans G.; Eils, Roland; Haas, Siegfried; Hoffmann, Steve; Karsch, Dennis; Klapper, Wolfram; Kleinheinz, Kortine; Korbel, Jan; Kretzmer, Helene; Kreuz, Markus; Küppers, Ralf; Lawerenz, Chris; Leich, Ellen; Loeffler, Markus; Mantovani-Loeffler, Luisa; López, Cristina; McHardy, Alice C.; Möller, Peter; Rohde, Marius; Rosenstiel, Philip; Rosenwald, Andreas; Schilhabel, Markus; Schlesner, Matthias; Scholz, Ingrid; Stadler, Peter F.; Stilgenbauer, Stephan; Sungalee, Stéphanie; Szczepanowski, Monika; Trümper, Lorenz; Weniger, Marc A.; Siebert, Reiner; Borkhardt, Arndt; Hummel, Michael; Hoell, Jessica I.

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Haematologica 101 (2016), Nr.11, S.1380-1389
ISSN: 0390-6078
ISSN: 1592-8721
Englisch
Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Fraunhofer IZI ()

Abstract
MicroRNA are well-established players in post-transcriptional gene regulation. However, information on the effects of microRNA deregulation mainly relies on bioinformatic prediction of potential targets, whereas proof of the direct physical microRNA/target messenger RNA interaction is mostly lacking. Within the International Cancer Genome Consortium Project “Determining Molecular Mechanisms in Malignant Lymphoma by Sequencing”, we performed miRnome sequencing from 16 Burkitt lymphomas, 19 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, and 21 follicular lymphomas. Twentytwo miRNA separated Burkitt lymphomas from diffuse large B-cell lymphomas/follicular lymphomas, of which 13 have shown regulation by MYC. Moreover, we found expression of three hitherto unreported microRNA. Additionally, we detected recurrent mutations of hsa-miR-142 in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and follicular lymphomas, and editing of the hsa-miR-376 cluster, providing evidence for microRNA editing in lymphomagenesis. To interrogate the direct physical interactions of microRNA with messenger RNA, we performed Argonaute-2 photoactivatable ribonucleoside-enhanced cross-linking and immunoprecipitation experiments. MicroRNA directly targeted 208 messsenger RNA in the Burkitt lymphomas and 328 messenger RNA in the non-Burkitt lymphoma models. This integrative analysis discovered several regulatory pathways of relevance in lymphomagenesis including Ras, PI3KAkt and MAPK signaling pathways, also recurrently deregulated in lymphomas by mutations. Our dataset reveals that messenger RNA deregulation through microRNA is a highly relevant mechanism in lymphomagenesis.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/dokumente/N-423688.html