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Insect antimicrobial peptides: potential tools for the prevention of skin cancer

: Tonk, M.; Vilcinskas, A.; Rahnamaeian, M.

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Applied microbiology and biotechnology 100 (2016), Nr.17, S.7397-7405
ISSN: 0171-1741
ISSN: 0175-7598
ISSN: 1432-0614
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IME ()

Antimicrobial peptides/proteins (AMPs) are biologically active molecules with diverse structural properties that are produced by mammals, plants, insects, ticks, and microorganisms. They have a range of antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, and even anticancer activities, and their biological properties could therefore be exploited for therapeutic and prophylactic applications. Cancer and cancer drug resistance are significant current health challenges, so the development of innovative cancer drugs with minimal toxicity toward normal cells and novel modes of action that can evade resistance may provide a new direction for anticancer therapy. The skin is the first line of defense against heat, sunlight, injury, and infection, and skin cancer is thus the most common type of cancer. The skin that has been exposed to sunlight is particularly susceptible, but lesions can occur anywhere on the body.