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Non-destructive 3D shape measurement of transparent and black objects with thermal fringes

: Brahm, A.; Rößler, C.; Dietrich, P.; Heist, S.; Kühmstedt, P.; Notni, G.


Harding, K.G. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Dimensional optical metrology and inspection for practical applications V : 20 April 2016, Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2016 (Proceedings of SPIE 9868)
ISBN: 978-1-5106-0109-3
Paper 98680C, 9 S.
Conference "Dimensional Optical Metrology and Inspection for Practical Applications" <5, 2016, Baltimore/Md.>
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Fringe projection is a well-established optical method for the non-destructive contactless three-dimensional (3D) measurement of object surfaces. Typically, fringe sequences in the visible wavelength range (VIS) are projected onto the surfaces of objects to be measured and are observed by two cameras in a stereo vision setup. The reconstruction is done by finding corresponding pixels in both cameras followed by triangulation. Problems can occur if the properties of some materials disturb the measurements. If the objects are transparent, translucent, reflective, or strongly absorbing in the VIS range, the projected patterns cannot be recorded properly. To overcome these challenges, we present a new alternative approach in the infrared (IR) region of the electromagnetic spectrum. For this purpose, two long-wavelength infrared (LWIR) cameras (7.5 - 13 μm) are used to detect the emitted heat radiation from surfaces which is induced by a pattern projection unit driven by a CO2 laser (10.6 μm). Thus, materials like glass or black objects, e.g. carbon fiber materials, can be measured non-destructively without the need of any additional paintings. We will demonstrate the basic principles of this heat pattern approach and show two types of 3D systems based on a freeform mirror and a GOBO wheel (GOes Before Optics) projector unit.