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Comparative dosimetry for children and rodents exposed to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields

: Gong, Yijian; Capstick, Myles; Dasenbrock, Clemens; Fedrowitz, Maren; Cobaleda, Cesar; Sanchez-Garcia, Isidro; Kuster, Niels


Bioelectromagnetics 37 (2016), Nr.5, S.310-322
ISSN: 0197-8462
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
power line exposure; childhood leukemia; growth rate mapping; rodent exposure; numerical dosimetry

We describe a method to correlate E-fields induced by exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields in laboratory mice and rats during in vivo experiments to those induced in children. Four different approaches of mapping relative dose rates between humans and rodents are herein proposed and analyzed. Based on these mapping methods and volume averaging guidelines published by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNRP) in 2010, maximum and median induced field values for whole body and for tissues of children and rodents were evaluated and compared. Median induced electric fields in children younger than 10 years old are in the range 5.9–8.5 V/m per T (±0.4 dB). Maximum induced electric fields, generally in the skin, are between 48 V/m and 228 V/m per T (±4 dB). To achieve induced electric fields of comparable magnitude in rodents, external magnetic field must be increased by a factor of 4.0 (±2.6 dB) for rats and 7.4 (±1.8 dB) for mice. Meanwhile, to achieve comparable magnetic field dose in rodents, ratio is close to one. These induced field dose rates for children and rodents can be used to quantifiably compare experimental data from in vivo studies with data on exposure of children from epidemiological studies, such as for leukemia. Bioelectromagnetics.