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THz absorption in fabric and its impact on body scanning for security application

: Knipper, R.; Brahm, A.; Heinz, E.; May, T.; Notni, G.; Meyer, H.-G.; Tünnermann, A.; Popp, J.


IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology 5 (2015), Nr.6, S.999-1004
ISSN: 2156-342X
Fraunhofer IOF ()

In recent years, body scanner technologies based on millimeter-wave and terahertz technologies have been shown to improve security in areas sensitive to terrorist attacks by detecting hazardous objects hidden underneath the clothing of people. Inevitably, useful devices have to provide an adequate compromise between spatial resolution limited due to diffraction and penetration through clothing. Within this context, the spectral absorption of a wide range of fabric, interference caused by the texture, and the effect of moisture within the fabric have to be considered. We have studied these effects by time-domain and Fourier transformation spectroscopy. The experimental findings are verified using a passive THz security camera operating in two frequency bands at 0.85 and 0.35 THz. The latter band was proven to be of superior use for security checks as it provides useful results even in cases of wet clothes.