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Real-time correlation for locating systems utilizing heterogeneous computing architectures

: Reichenbach, M.; Kasparek, M.; Alawieh, M.; Häublein, K.; Fey, D.


Cerisier, S. ; Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-; European Electronic Chips & Systems design Initiative -ECSI-, Gieres:
Conference on Design and Architectures for Signal and Image Processing, DASIP 2015. Proceedings : Cracow, Poland, 23 - 25 September 2015
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2015
ISBN: 979-10-92279-10-8
ISBN: 978-1-4673-7737-9
ISBN: 978-1-4673-7739-3
ISBN: 979-10-92279-11-5
Conference on Design and Architectures for Signal and Image Processing (DASIP) <2015, Cracow>
Fraunhofer IIS ()

The usage of locating systems in sports (e.g. soccer) elevates match and training analysis to a new level. By tracking players and balls during matches or training, the performance of players can be analyzed, the training can be adapted and new strategies can be developed. The radio-based RedFIR system equips players and the ball with miniaturized transmitters, while antennas distributed around the playing field receive the transmitted radio signals. A cluster computer processes these signals to determine the exact positions based on the signals' Time Of Arrival (TOA) at the back end. While such a system works well, it is neither scalable nor inexpensive due to the required computing cluster. Also the relatively high power consumption of the GPU-based cluster is suboptimal. Moreover, high speed interconnects between the antennas and the cluster computers introduce additional costs and increase the installation effort. However, a significant portion of the computing performance is not required for the synthesis of the received data, but for the calculation of the unique TOA values of every receiver line. Therefore, in this paper we propose a smart sensor approach: By integrating some intelligence into the antenna (smart antenna), each antenna can correlate the received signal independently of the remaining system and only TOA values are send to the backend. While the idea is quite simple, the question of a well suited computer architecture to fulfill this task inside the smart antenna is more complex. Therefore, we are evaluating embedded architectures, such as FPGAS, ARM cores as well as a many core CPU (Epiphany) for this approach. Thereby, we are able to achieve 50.000 correlations per second in each smart antenna. As a result, the backend becomes lightweight, cheaper interconnects through data reduction are required and the system becomes more scalable, since most processing power is already included in the antenna.