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Analysis of cardiac interventricular septum motion in different respiratory states

: Tautz, L.; Feng, L.; Otazo, R.; Hennemuth, A.; Axel, L.


Gimi, B. ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Medical Imaging 2016. Biomedical applications in molecular, structural, and functional imaging : 1-3 March 2016, San Diego, California, United States
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2016 (Proceedings of SPIE 9788)
ISBN: 978-1-5106-0023-2
Paper 97880X, 6 S.
Medical Imaging - Biomedical Applications in Molecular, Structural and Functional Imaging Conference <2016, San Diego/Calif.>
Fraunhofer MEVIS ()

The interaction between the left and right heart ventricles (LV and RV) depends on load and pressure conditions that are affected by cardiac contraction and respiration cycles. A novel MRI sequence, XD-GRASP, allows the acquisition of multi-dimensional, respiration-sorted and cardiac-synchronized free-breathing image data. In these data, effects of the cardiac and respiratory cycles on the LV/RV interaction can be observed independently. To enable the analysis of such data, we developed a semi-automatic exploration workflow. After tracking a cross-sectional line positioned over the heart, over all motion states, the septum and heart wall border locations are detected by analyzing the grey-value profile under the lines. These data are used to quantify septum motion, both in absolute units and as a fraction of the heart size, to compare values for different subjects. In addition to conventional visualization techniques, we used color maps for intuitive exploration of the variable values for this multi-dimensional data set. We acquired short-axis image data of nine healthy volunteers, to analyze the position and the motion of the interventricular septum in different breathing states and different cardiac cycle phases. The results indicate a consistent range of normal septum motion values, and also suggest that respiratory phase-dependent septum motion is greatest near end-diastolic phases. These new methods are a promising tool to assess LV/RV ventricle interaction and the effects of respiration on this interaction.