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Simulation model for the evaluation and design of miniaturized non-resonant photoacoustic gas sensors

: Huber, Jochen; Schmitt, Katrin; Wöllenstein, Jürgen

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Journal of sensors and sensor systems : JSSS 5 (2016), Nr.2, S.293-299
ISSN: 2194-8771
ISSN: 2194-878X
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
16ES0042; ESEE
European Commission EC
FP7-JTI; 324284; ESEE
Environmental Sensors for Energy Efficiency
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IPM ()
gas sensors; photoacoustics

This publication reports the derivation and the implementation of a simulation model that describes non-resonant photoacoustic gas sensors. The photoacoustic effect is modelled in detail for the successive steps of radiation emission, stimulation of molecules, collisional relaxation processes and finally the pressure formation in a closed gas cell. The photoacoustic effect offers great potential in the development of selective, miniaturized gas sensor systems. We verify and discuss the results of our model assuming typical parameters and values in indoor CO2 sensing applications. We set up a sensor system for experimental verification of the simulated data and discuss the results. The results of the simulation model are in good accordance with the experimental data and can therefore be used as a novel and efficient tool for the development of non-resonant photoacoustic gas sensor systems.