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Elementary properties of positive concave mappings with applications to network planning and optimization

: Cavalcante, R.L.G.; Shen, Y.; Stanczak, S.


IEEE transactions on signal processing 64 (2016), Nr.7, S.1774-1783
ISSN: 0096-3518
ISSN: 0018-9278
ISSN: 0096-1620
ISSN: 1053-587X
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
STA 864/9-1
Fraunhofer HHI ()

This paper presents novel methods for computing fixed points of positive concave mappings and for characterizing the existence of fixed points. These methods are particularly important in planning and optimization tasks in wireless networks. For example, previous studies have shown that the feasibility of a network design can be quickly evaluated by computing the fixed point of a concave mapping that is constructed based on many environmental and network control parameters such as the position of base stations, channel conditions, and antenna tilts. To address this and more general problems, given a positive concave mapping, we show two alternative but equivalent ways to construct a matrix that is guaranteed to have spectral radius strictly smaller than one if the mapping has a fixed point. This matrix is then used to build a new mapping that preserves the fixed point of the original positive concave mapping. We show that the standard fixed point iterations using the new mapping converges faster than the standard iterations applied to the original concave mapping. As exemplary applications of the proposed methods, we consider the problems of power and load estimation in networks based on the orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) technology.