Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

A methodology for hydrocode analysis of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene composite under ballistic impact

: Nguyen, L.H.; Lässig, T.; Ryan, S.; Riedel, W.; Mouritz, A.P.; Orifici, A.C.


Composites. Part A, Applied science and manufacturing 84 (2016), S.224-235
ISSN: 1359-835X
Fraunhofer EMI ()

Ballistic performance analysis of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMW-PE) is critical for the design of armour systems against ballistic threats. However, no validated modelling strategy has been published in literature for UHMW-PE composite that captures the penetration and damage mechanisms of thick targets impacted between 900 m/s and 2000 m/s. Here we propose a mechanistically-based and extensively validated methodology for the ballistic impact analysis of thick UHMW-PE composite. The methodology uses a non-linear orthotropic continuum model that describes the composite response using a non-linear equation of state (EoS), orthotropic elastic plastic strength with directional hardening and orthotropic failure criteria. A new sub-laminate discretisation approach is proposed that allows the model to more accurately capture out-of-plane failure. The model is extensively validated using experimental ballistic data for a wide range of UHMW-PE target thicknesses up to 102 mm against 12.7 mm and 20 mm calibre fragment simulating projectiles (FSPs) with impact velocities between 400 m/s and 2000 m/s. Very good overall agreement with experimental results is seen for depth of penetration, ballistic limit and residual velocity, while the penetration mechanisms and target bulge behaviour are accurately predicted. The model can be used to reduce the volume of testing typically required to design and assess thick UHMW-PE composite in ballistic impact applications.