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Active buckling control of a beam-column with circular cross-section using piezo-elastic supports and integral LQR control

: Schäffner, Maximilian; Götz, Benedict; Platz, Roland


Smart materials and structures : SMS 25 (2016), Nr.6, Art. 065008, 10 S.
ISSN: 0964-1726
ISSN: 1361-665X
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SFB 805;
Fraunhofer LBF ()

Buckling of slender beam-columns subject to axial compressive loads represents a critical design constraint for light-weight structures. Active buckling control provides a possibility to stabilize slender beam-columns by active lateral forces or bending moments. In this paper, the potential of active buckling control of an axially loaded beam-column with circular solid cross-section by piezo-elastic supports is investigated experimentally. In the piezo-elastic supports, lateral forces of piezoelectric stack actuators are transformed into bending moments acting in arbitrary directions at the beam-column ends. A mathematical model of the axially loaded beam-column is derived to design an integral linear quadratic regulator (LQR) that stabilizes the system. The effectiveness of the stabilization concept is investigated in an experimental test setup and compared with the uncontrolled system. With the proposed active buckling control it is possible to stabilize the beam-column in arbitrary lateral direction for axial loads up to the theoretical critical buckling load of the system.