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Fabrication of sub-micron surface structures on copper, stainless steel and titanium using picosecond laser interference patterning

: Bieda, Matthias; Siebold, Mathias; Lasagni, Andrés-Fabián

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-3998792 (381 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 5c5513c5d72bcd0ba41b2aea35a6e1bf
Erstellt am: 01.01.2019

Applied surface science 387 (2016), S.175-182
ISSN: 0169-4332
Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie BMWi
IGF; 18359BR
Weiterentwicklung einer laserbasierten Technologie zur Herstellung von Sub-Mikrostrukturen auf Metallwerkzeugen
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Exzellenzinitiative des Bundes und der Länder
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IWS ()
Picosecond DLIP; surface structure; two-temperature model

Picosecond direct laser interference patterning (ps-DLIP) is investigated theoretically and experimentally for the bulk metals copper, stainless steel and titanium. While surface texturing with nanosecond pulses is limited to feature sizes in the micrometer range, utilizing picosecond pulses can lead to sub-micrometer structures. The modelling and simulation of ps-DLIP are based on the two-temperature model and were carried out for a pulse duration of 35 ps at 515 nm wavelength and a laser fluence of 0.1 J/cm2. The subsurface temperature distribution of both electrons and phonons was computed for periodic line-like structures with a pitch of 0.8 μm. The increase in temperature rises for a lower absorption coefficient and a higher thermal conductivity. The distance, at which the maximum subsurface temperature occurs, increases for a small absorption coefficient. High absorption and low thermal conductivity minimize internal heating and give rise to a pronounced surface micro topography with pitches smaller than 1 μm. In order to confirm the computed results, periodic line-like surface structures were produced using two interfering beams of a Yb:YAG-Laser with 515 nm wavelength and a pulse duration of 35 ps. It was possible to obtain a pitch of 0.7 μm on the metallic surfaces.