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From atomic structure to excess entropy: A neutron diffraction and density functional theory study of CaO-Al2O3-SiO2 melts

: Liu, Maoyuan; Jacob, Aurélie; Schmetterer, Clemens; Masset, Patrick J.; Hennet, Louis; Fischer, Henry E.; Kozaily, Jad; Jahn, Sandro; Gray-Weale, Angus


Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter 28 (2016), Nr.13, Art. 135102, 17 S.
ISSN: 0953-8984
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Sulzbach-Rosenberg ()
Molecular dynamics; entropy

Calcium aluminosilicate CaO−Al2O3−SiO2 (CAS) melts with compositions (CaO − SiO2)x(Al2O3)1−x for x < 0.5 and (Al2O3)x(SiO2)1−x for x >= 0.5 are studied using neutron diffraction with aerodynamic levitation and density functional theory molecular dynamics modelling. Simulated structure factors are found to be in good agreement with experimental structure factors. Local atomic structures from simulations reveal the role of calcium cations as a network modifier, and aluminium cations as a non-tetrahedral network former. Distributions of tetrahedral order show that an increasing concentration of the network former Al increases entropy, while an increasing concentration of the network modifier Ca decreases entropy. This trend is opposite to the conventional understanding that increasing amounts of network former should increase order in the network liquid, and so decrease entropy. The two-body correlation entropy S2 is found to not correlate with the excess entropy values obtained from thermochemical databases, while entropies including higher-order correlations such as tetrahedral order, O–M–O or M–O–M bond angles and QN environments show a clear linear correlation between computed entropy and database excess entropy. The possible relationship between atomic structures and excess entropy is discussed.