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Chirped arrays of refractive ellipsoidal microlenses for aberration correction under oblique incidence

: Duparre, J.; Wippermann, F.; Dannberg, P.; Reimann, A.

Postprint (1.6 MByte; PDF; )

Optics Express 13 (2005), Nr.26, S.10539-10551
ISSN: 1094-4087
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IOF ()
array; chirped array; ellipsoidal micro-lens; oblique incidence; imaging system; machine vision; aberration compensation; microstructure fabrication; microoptic

Improvements of the resolution homogeneity of an ultra-thin artificial apposition compound eye objective are accomplished by the use of a chirped array of ellipsoidal micro-lenses. The array contains 130×130 individually shaped ellipsoidal lenses for channel-wise correction of astigmastism and field curvature occurring under oblique incidence. We present an analytical approach for designing anamorphic micro-lenses for such purpose based on Gullstrand's equations and experimentally validate the improvement. Considerations for the design of the photolithographical masks for the micro-lens array fabrication by melting of photoresist cylinders with ellipsoidal basis are presented. Measurements of the optically performance are proceed on first realized artificial compound eye prototypes showing a significant improvement of angular resolution homogeneity over the complete field of view of 64.3 Grad.