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Synthetic aperture radar at millimeter wavelength for UAV surveillance applications

: Caris, M.; Stanko, S.; Palm, S.; Sommer, R.; Pohl, N.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IEEE 1st International Forum on Research and Technologies for Society and Industry, RTSI 2015. Proceedings : Leveraging a better tomorrow, September 16-18, 2015, Torino, Italy
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-4673-8166-6 (Print)
ISBN: 978-1-4673-8167-3
International Forum on Research and Technologies for Society and Industry (RTSI) <1, 2015, Torino>
Fraunhofer FHR ()

The airborne monitoring of scenes using unmanned aircrafts is becoming increasingly important. Several types of airborne sensors - in the optical, infrared or millimeter wave spectrum - are available for the different platforms. Beside the all-weather suitability of the sensors, the deployment scenarios, often also demand for the ability to look through dust clouds, smoke, and fog. The only sensor, which is capable to cope with such environmental restrictions and is able to deliver high-resolution images, is the synthetic aperture radar (SAR). In this paper we focus on miniaturized SAR systems which were developed and optimized for utilization in a UA V (unmanned aerial vehicle) with a low loading capacity. This not only requires a compact and light radar sensor but the processing also has to cope with the unstable flight conditions of a small aircraft. Therefore, a high-precision inertial measurement unit (IMU) and motion compensating SAR-algorithms are needed. Thanks to the utilization of a high transmit frequency of either 35 GHz or 94 GHz, the sensors are suitable for the detection of small-scale objects. A very high resolution of 15 cm × 15 cm can be achieved when using modern FMCW (frequency modulated continuous wave) generation with a high bandwidth (up to 1 GHz) in combination with small antennas.