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On capacity of active relaying in magnetic induction based wireless underground sensor networks

: Kisseleff, S.; Sackenreuter, B.; Akyildiz, I.F.; Gerstacker, W.


Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2015. Proceedings. Vol.9 : Smart City and Smart World, 8-12 June 2015, London, United Kingdom
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2015
ISBN: 978-1-4673-6432-4
ISBN: 978-1-4673-6430-0
International Conference on Communications (ICC) <2015, London>
Fraunhofer IIS ()

Wireless underground sensor networks (WUSNs) present a variety of new research challenges. Magnetic induction (MI) based transmission has been proposed to overcome the very harsh propagation conditions in underground communications in recent years. In this approach, induction coils are utilized as antennas in the sensor nodes. This solution achieves longer transmission ranges compared to the traditional electromagnetic (EM) waves based approach. Furthermore, a passive relaying technique has been proposed in the literature where additional resonant circuits are deployed between the nodes. However, this solution is shown to provide only a limited performance improvement under practical system design contraints. In this work, the potential of an active relay device is investigated which may improve the performance of the system by combining the benefits of the traditional wireless relaying and the MI based signal transmission.