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Review of some peculiarities of the stability and decomposition of HNF and ADN

: Bohn, Manfred A.

Pessina, F. ; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique -CNRS-, Paris:
EUROPYRO 2015, 11th International GTPS Seminar : 41st International Pyrotechnics Seminar, 4 to 7 May 2015, Toulouse, Frankreich; Program and Registration
Toulouse, 2015
International Pyrotechnics Seminar <41, 2015, Toulouse>
International GTPS Seminar <11, 2015, Toulouse>
Fraunhofer ICT ()

HNF (hydrazinium nitroformate) and ADN (ammonium dinitramide) are seen as possible replacements for the common oxidizer ammonium perchlorate (AP) in composite rocket propellants. Both HNF and ADN have the relatively great advantage to be chlorine free. But their chemical stability is much lower than the one of AP. In spite of this they are still on the list as replacement candidates. This paper intends to review and compile essential features in stability, compatibility and decomposition behavior of the two candidates. HNF alone can be seen as relatively stable at temperatures up to 50°C. But it shows self-accelerating decomposition behaviour. In such a case normally stabilizers help to suppress autocatalytic behaviour. However, a look on the possible decomposition behaviour reveals that HNF seems not stabilizable. Further problems are chemical compatibility and too high pressure exponents of the propellant formulations. ADN can be qualified as medium stable at lower temperatures similar to NC-based products. Also ADN shows self-accelerated decomposition, but it can be stabilized. Some stabilizers are superior. From the results presented one can conclude that ADN has a perspective to replace AP in propellants designed for selected applications. A ‘universal’ application seems at time not realistic. Special measures as coating of ADN particles may improve the situation, but the limited inservice temperature range will be not changed.