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A step forward into hierarchically nanostructured materials for high performance micro-supercapacitors

Diamond-coated SiNW electrodes in protic ionic liquid electrolyte
: Aradilla, D.; Gao, F.; Lewes-Malandrakis, G.; Müller-Sebert, W.; Gaboriau, D.; Gentile, P.; Iliev, B.; Schubert, T.; Sadki, S.; Bidan, G.; Nebel, C.E.


Electrochemistry communications 63 (2016), S.34-38
ISSN: 1388-2481
European Commission EC
FP7-ENERGY; 309143; NEST
Fraunhofer IAF ()
supercapacitor; ionic liquid; diamond; silicon nanowires

Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) were successfully coated by uniform, adherent and homogenous ultra-thin crystalline diamond films through microwave enhanced chemical vapor deposition (MWCVD). The as-grown functionalized nanowires were employed as electrodes in a symmetric micro-supercapacitor (MSC) using a protic ionic liquid electrolyte [triethylammonium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide; Et3NH TFSI]. The electrochemical performance of the device delivered a specific capacitance of 1.5 mF cm(-2) and a power density of 25 mW cm(-2) using an enlarged cell voltage of 4 V. Furthermore, a remarkable cycling stability was evaluated after 1 . 10(6) galvanostatic cycles at a high current density of 10 mA cm(-2) with an excellent capacitive behavior. These results confirm that diamond-coated SiNW micro-supercapacitors exhibit very promising performances dealing with MSCs based on CVD-grown SiNWs.