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Pushing the Limits of 3D Color Printing: Error Diffusion with Translucent Materials

: Brunton, Alan; Arikan, Can Ates; Urban, Philipp


ACM transactions on graphics 35 (2015), Nr.1, Art. 4, 13 S.
ISSN: 0730-0301
ISSN: 1557-7368
Fraunhofer IGD ()
algorithms; display algorithms; human factors; measurements; performance; 3D printing; 3D realism; human vision; color reproduction; color perception; color management; color textures; texture mapping; Implicit Surfaces; geometry processing

Accurate color reproduction is important in many applications of 3D printing, from design prototypes to 3D color copies or portraits. Although full color is available via other technologies, multi-jet printers have greater potential for graphical 3D printing, in terms of reproducing complex appearance properties. However, to date these printers cannot produce full color, and doing so poses substantial technical challenges, from the shear amount of data to the translucency of the available color materials. In this article, we propose an error diffusion halftoning approach to achieve full color with multi-jet printers, which operates on multiple isosurfaces or layers within the object. We propose a novel traversal algorithm for voxel surfaces, which allows the transfer of existing error diffusion algorithms from 2D printing. The resulting prints faithfully reproduce colors, color gradients and fine-scale details.