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An adaptively focusing measurement design for compressed sensing based DOA estimation

: Ibrahim, Mohamed; Römer, Florian; Galdo, Giovanni del


European Association for Signal Processing -EURASIP-; Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -IEEE-:
23rd European Signal Processing Conference, EUSIPCO 2015 : August 31 - September 4, 2015, Nice
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE, 2015
ISBN: 978-0-9928626-3-3
ISBN: 978-0-9928626-4-0
European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO) <23, 2015, Nice>
Fraunhofer IIS ()
Richtungsschätzung (DoA); compressed sensing

In this paper we investigate the design of the measurement matrix for applying Compressed Sensing (CS) to the problem of Direction Of Arrival (DOA) estimation with antenna arrays. Instead of choosing the coefficients of the compression matrix randomly, we propose a systematic design methodology for constructing a measurement matrix that focuses the array towards a specific area of interest and thereby achieves a superior DOA estimation performance. The focusing is performed in a sequential manner, i.e., we start with a uniform measurement design from which regions of interest can be extracted that the subsequent measurements then focus on. By continuously updating these target regions, gradual movement of the sources can also be tracked over time. Numerical results demonstrate that the focused measurements possess a superior SNR leading to significantly enhanced DOA estimates.