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Development and implementation of algorithms for automatic and robust measurement of the 2D:4D digit ratio using image data

: Koch, Robert; Haßlmeyer, Erik; Tantinger, Daniel; Rulsch, Martin; Weigand, Christian; Struck, Matthias

Volltext ()

Current directions in biomedical engineering 1 (2015), Nr.1, S.220-223
ISSN: 2364-5504
Zeitschriftenaufsatz, Elektronische Publikation
Fraunhofer IIS ()
Segmentierung; Bildverarbeitung

Early in the 20th century it could be observed that the finger lengths of second (2D) and fourth digit (4D) represents a sexually dimorphic feature, whereby in general the second digit is longer than the fourth digit for men and vice versa for women. In the early 1980s first studies could show a correlation between the 2D:4D ratio and the concentration of androgens one is exposed to during a short window within the prenatal development phase. Therefore, the 2D:4D digit ratio can serve as an additional marker for certain physiological and psychological traits like fertility, assertiveness, aggressiveness and alcohol addiction. Manual measurements are the established method to retrieve the finger lengths e.g. by using a ruler on printed scans of hands. For higher reliability these extremely time-consuming procedures have to be done multiple times. In this contribution two automated procedures are proposed to reduce the time for measurements whilst maintaining the accuracy. A deviation of maximal 2% from the manual measurement could be achieved for more than 75% of the 22 participants.