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Pyrolysis - a key component for the recovery of metals and energy

: Hense, Peter; Reh, Katharina; Franke, Matthias; Aigner, Jonathan; Mayer, Dominik; Hornung, Andreas; Contin, Andrea

International Solid Waste Association -ISWA-; Vereniging van Vlaamse Steden en Gemeenten -VZW-, Brussels:
ISWA 2015 World Congress Antwerp : 7-9 September 2015, Antwerp
Brussels: VZW, 2015
ISBN: 978-90-75367-00-3
International Solid Waste Association (ISWA World Congress) <2015, Antwerp>
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Oberhausen ()

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) is one of the fastest growing waste streams worldwide. This waste stream contains a number of economically relevant base, precious and high-tech metals. However, only a limited number of these metals can be recovered by mechanical treatment. The pyrolysis technology allows a baring and an accumulation of metals from WEEE-fractions without oxidation as well as the generation of high calorific gases and liquids for energetic utilization in a combined heat and power plant. Recovered metals can be used in pyro-metallurgical recycling processes to recover secondary raw materials. In this article, results from pyrolysis batch tests with residuals from a treatment of WEEE are presented. In an ecological assessment the environmental performance of the pyrolysis process is compared to a treatment in a municipal waste incinerator. The results of the ecological assessment clearly evidence that a thermo-chemical treatment of residuals from a WEEE treatment presents a promising option concerning environmental aspects of global warming potential, acidification potential and abiotic resource depletion potential.